Mansion of Emelyan Ukraintsev – Prince Mikhail Golitsyn Senior
In the 17th century, the area of today’s Khokhlovsky Lane was supposedly occupied by a settlement of Ukrainians which was located on the Ivanovskaya Gorka (hill). Emelyan Ukraintsev (1641–1708), a prominent diplomat of the last third of the 17th – beginning of the 18th century, could come from the Khokhlovskaya settlement. His diplomatic service began under the reign of Tsar Aleksey Mikhailovich. By the enthronement of Peter I, in 1682 he was appointed as assistant to Prince Vasily Golitsyn who then headed the Ambassadorial Prikaz (Office). In 1686, Ukraintsev took part in the negotiations between Russia and Poland regarding the Perpetual Peace which formed the basis for the Russian-Polish alliance in the Northern War, and also contributed to the preparation of Peter I’s diplomatic mission to Western Europe known as the Grand Embassy. In 1700, he made the Treaty of Constantinople with Turkey which secured the neutrality of the Ottoman Empire in the Northern War.
Upon return to Russia, Ukraintsev was made head of Food Prikaz (Office), but in 1704, he was accused of abuse of office and punished by beating with stick. However, as early as 1706, Peter I sent Ukraintsev to assist the Russian ambassador to Poland Prince Vasily Dolgorukov. In 1708, Ukraintsev was sent to Hungary where he died.
The mansion of Ukraintsev is one of the largest civil buildings dating from the 17th century in Moscow. The original decorations of its facades are covered by plaster.
After the death of Ukraintsev, the mansion became owned by another associate of Peter I, a prominent military leader Prince Mikhail Golitsyn Senior (1675-1730) who began his service as a drummer in the Semenovsky Regiment. He participated in the Azov campaigns and demonstrated his talent as a battle captain during the Northern War by gaining a victory over the Swedes in the Battle of Malatitze (Dobroye) in 1708. In the Battle of Poltava, Golitsyn commanded the guards and pursued the enemy together with Prince Alexander Menshikov to force them to surrender at Perevolochna. In 1720, he commanded the galley fleet and gained a marine victory in the naval battle at Grengam.
After the death of Mikhail Golitsyn, the mansion was inherited by his son Alexander who sold it to the state in 1768. The building was used to house the Archives of the Collegium of Foreign Affairs. In 1874, the Archives were moved to another place and the building was sold to the Russian Music Society. Later, it housed a music publishing house and printing office which were nationalized in 1918.
The building is a historical monument of architecture of federal significance. Nowadays, it is a key landmark in a space called “Art Neighborhood Khokhlovka”. The former mansion of Ukraintsev houses a book store, other shopping facilities, a printing house, and a nail bar.